Tuesday, May 26, 2020
How to Write a Scholarship Essay - Simple StepsIt can be quite confusing when it comes to deciding on how to write a scholarship essay. The problem is that there are so many different scholarship applications that it can be hard to choose the correct one. However, there are a few basic steps that you can follow to ensure that you get the best scholarship.Writing a scholarship essay can be very easy if you use the right guidelines. If you have to do this task as part of your college application process, then you will need to write a two page essay. If you're applying for a scholarship for you to complete a full-time course, then you will have to use a full five pages of this type of writing. While many people assume that they need to complete a large amount of writing, it is actually much easier to handle a smaller amount of writing and still make an excellent scholarship application.Using the right kind of template in order to write a scholarship essay is very important. For example, some applications that you will find online will require you to use a specific template. This way, they will be able to see exactly what you are going to use to write a perfect scholarship essay. You can also use a word processor or even a text editor to write a scholarship essay, although these may not give you the freedom to move around and put in your own ideas.Even if you choose to use a computer program to help you with your application submission, you need to take extra care. The application submission software may allow you to work with a template, but it may also put all of your ideas into a black box that has no way of recognizing your creativity. This is why you should always use a word processor to write your scholarship essay and make sure that you have a full idea before you submit it. You don't want to end up using a poor template that does not allow you to work with your ideas.Finally, always remember that you are applying for a scholarship application, so you will n eed to prepare thoroughly for this. You may be surprised at how far your scholarship will go, so you will want to make sure that you are prepared to offer yourself well for the competition. Remember, you need to make sure that you are presentable and polished to make an excellent college student application.When you are writing a scholarship essay, there are so many different things that you will have to consider. If you try to go too fast, you could end up sounding dry and unprofessional. Try to keep it to a certain time frame for the essay, but make sure that you show a good amount of thought. Also, make sure that you are clear and concise, and try to keep everything as straightforward as possible.If you follow these simple steps, you will be ready to submit your scholarship application and start a new life in college. Remember, you need to show a solid understanding of the program and what it will require from you to be successful. Once you do this, you will be very excited to he ar about the next scholarship that comes out!
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Man-made constitutions once created a society based on hierarchy, separating black from white, Latino from Asian, and rich from poor. Through the significant decades of the 1940s-1960s, America laid the groundwork for civil rights, a movement through which minorities fought for equal opportunity. How could America call itself Ã¢â¬Å"land of the freeÃ¢â¬ when only the white man could socially and economically move upward? For minorities, this represented an immobile society. Yet, equality elapsed over time, and due to pivotal events in American history such as the Cold War and WWII, the Civil Rights Movement molded the road toward change and challenged America to redefine their core values. The Civil Rights Movement was first established duringÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Lieutenant General Jon L. Dewitt would exemplify the efforts of many white Americans in the midst of this fight for order. Unfortunately, for many white Americans bliss was ignorance and the ArmyÃ¢â¬â¢s B ureau of Intelligence produced a survey to prove it. In the early 1940s, the Bureau found that Ã¢â¬Å"the majority of white Americans were unaware that there was such thing as a Negro problem, and were convinced blacks were satisfied with their social and economic conditionsÃ¢â¬ (Foner 828). Examples such as this portray the inconceivable boundaries that Negros, Latinos, Asians, and several other minorities, including the poor, had to overcome. Subsequently, the only way minorities were going to be heard was by making their presence known. As the world showed signs of reviving to meet the demands of World War II, Philip A. Randolph (a black labor leader), Ã¢â¬Å"saw a new opportunity to pressure the governmentÃ¢â¬ (Why Should We March). In 1941, Randolph called for a march on Washington to end segregation, encourage an anti-lynching law, as well as establish fair employment for blacks. RandolphÃ¢â¬â¢s actions put pressure on President Roosevelt, leading to Executive O rder 8802, which banned discrimination in defense jobs and established the Fair Employment Practice to monitor compliance. Small victories such as the Executive Order 8802 and the Fair Employment Practice propelled and strengthened the CivilShow MoreRelatedThe Rise Of The Civil Rights Movement1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessegregations. Out of the numerous elements that arose in the 1960s, there are three movements that truly affected the American society. Firstly, the rise of the civil rights movement was greatly influenced by racial discrimination of colored people in the South. Secondly, the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s movement aimed to convince the society that women are capable of achieving and maintaining higher waged job like males. Lastly, the gay rights movement aimed to gain acceptance and stop discrimination of homosexuality. The mostRead MoreThe Folk Music Of The Civil Rights Movement1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesResponse Paper #4 The folk music of the Civil Rights Movement Ã¢â¬Å"came out of tradition, common experience, and generations of resistanceÃ¢â¬ (Dunaway 2010: 140). The songs used throughout the movement derived from the shared experiences and struggles of African Americans while connecting Ã¢â¬Å"the gentle, idealistic world of folk music and the integrationist world of civil rightsÃ¢â¬ (Dunaway 2010: 145). Songs, such as Ã¢â¬Å"We Shall OvercomeÃ¢â¬ , were put through the folk process, where a song is passed on and alterationsRead MoreThe Great Leaders Of The Civil Rights Movement1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages They seem to be forgotten until they are highlighted once again. Another example of a person that was not really highlighted for their actions is Nina Simone. She made an impact on the Civil Right Movement that not many other artist or celebrity would have done. When you think of the Civil Rights Movement the first three that come to mind of course are, Martin Luther King Jr., Malco m X, and Rosa Parks. So, when someone hears the name Nina Simone the two most common responses might be Ã¢â¬Å"WhoÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreSocial Movements : Black Civil Rights2647 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesSocial movements are vital to the establishment of our societies, and they way we are governed. Social movements help the less privileged band together to create a stronger voice among a sea of political correctness and unlawfully rule that the public supposedly have to abide by without question. Movements create this new form of platform that, if done successfully, are able to create a worldwide frenzy where people from across all walks of life, including politicians, academics, the less fortunateRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement911 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Civil Rights Movement: Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. changed history not only for African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s, but for all who live in the United States. Martin was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. As a child Martin attended many public segregated schools throughout Georgia until he graduated at the age of fifteen. Following high school, Martin Luther King Jr. attended many colleges such as, Morehouse College, Crozer Theological Seminary, and Boston University. While studyingRead MoreCauses Of The Civil Rights Movement954 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesquote was very much true. Post civil war times were hard on African Americans. Even though at the time they were considered free, they were often criticized and discriminated against. Finally, shootings, brutality, and unfair treatment were enough. In an effort to end racial segregation and discrimination against African-Americans all over the country, they took a stand. This was known as the Civil Rights Movement. There were many interesting events that cause d this movement. The three main causes thatRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement Essay1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil Rights Movement Ã¢â¬Å"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.Ã¢â¬ This was a speech by Martin Luther King Jr. Even one hundred years after slavery was banned, African Americans were still being treated unfairly. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the most famous leaders of the Civil Rights movement in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. The Civil Rights movement was a movement of AfricanRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement Essay1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The civil right movement refers to the reform movement in the United States beginning in the 1954 to 1968 led primarily by Blacks for outlawing racial discrimination against African-Americans to prove the civil rights of personal Black citizen. For ten decades after the Emancipation Proclamation, African-Americans in Southern states still live a rigid unequal world of deprive right of citizenship, segregation and various forms of oppression, including race-inspired violence. Ã¢â¬Å"JimRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement Essay1190 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Civil Rights Movement The 13th amendment, passed on the first of January, 1865 abolished slavery throughout America. Although African Americans were considered free after this amendment was approved, they still had a long and arduous struggle to absolute freedom. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964, segregation in the United States was frequently used throughout many of the Southern and Border States. Schools, bathrooms, libraries, and even water fountains were segregated. Though there wereRead MoreCivil Rights Movement Essay797 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Civil Rights Movement, also known as the American Civil Rights, was a mass movement during the 1950s and 1960s. It was one of the most intricate social movements of mankind. The Civil Rights Movement was a period where African Americans did not have the same equal rights or treatment as the whites. Instead, African Americans were segregated from whites by not going to school together, having to sit in the back of the bus, not being able to move freely, or not having the right to vote. Over the
Saturday, May 16, 2020
In the words of Michael OÃ¢â¬â¢Shaughnessy, Ã¢â¬Ënarratives, or stories, are a basic way of making sense of our experienceÃ¢â¬â¢ (1999: 266). As a society and a culture, we use stories to comprehend and share our experiences, typically by constructing them with a beginning, middle and an end. In fact, the order that a narrative is structured will directly impact the way it is understood, particularly across cultures. This idea originated through Claude LÃ ©vi-StraussÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of structuralism in anthropology which Ã¢â¬Ëis concerned with uncovering the common structural principles underlying specific and historically variable cultures and mythÃ¢â¬â¢ in pre-industrial societies (Strinati 2003: 85). In terms of media studies, structuralismÃ¢â¬â¢s inherent objective is toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Monomyths all share a fundamental structure that can be divided into three stages and seventeen steps, however very few monomyths contain all seventeen steps. Departure , the first stage, begins when the hero acknowledges a world outside of his or her own, followed by receiving a quest from a guide, although the quest is often refused. However, the hero will eventually be forced to leave through some event or supernatural power. The second stage, initiation, tests the hero through numerous challenges in order to make the character more self-reliant and confident in their own abilities. Eventually, an authority figure will help the hero to better understand himself and ultimately the hero becomes a selfless person who has a better understanding of life. Return, the final stage, occurs after the quest is completed. To return home and complete the journey, the hero must re-cross the threshold and upon reaching home, the hero will understand the difference between his or her home and the new world (Campbell: 1968). The Wizard of Oz very closely follows the monomyth as coined by Joseph Campbell. The hero, Dorothy, attempts to runaway from her home in Ka nsas after a neighbor threatens to kill her dog, Toto, but instead gets caught in a tornado, the Ã¢â¬ËCall to Adventure,Ã¢â¬â¢ that drops her in the Land of Oz. After landing in Oz,
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
William Shakespeare wrote a group of 154 sonnets between 1592 and 1597, which were compiled and published under the title Shakespeares Sonnets in 1609. Our attention will focus on sonnet 12, a remarkable and poignant poem about the relentless passing of time, the fading beauty, immortality, death and Old Age, these subjects being typical of all Shakespeares Sonnets. Time is omnipresent in everyones life, just passing and passing inexorably, relentlessly, so unstoppable. It is a universal problem : people have always been very worried about time, trying to gain some, or angry they have lost this precious element. Moreover, Time is Money, maxim born in the business sector, is now an adage applied in all matter. But still, it is notÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In the same way, the day looks already defeated, but it tries, unlike the I, to fight, as suggest the adjective brave, introducing a notion of combat. However, this is not the only meaning of this word, brave being polysemic : it has almost a visual significance, evoking brightness and gallantry. Thus, Shakespeare joins an attracting adjective to the day, to finally make it appear even more vulnerable and pathetic, thanks to hideous night. This opposition between brave day and hideous night emphasizes the days weakness against the night, literally sinking in the night. This verb, sink, repr esents a long action and gives us the idea that we cannot discern the limits between day and night, we cannot point out this is day, this is night. It is something we are not aware of, we cannot see happening, until night has completely taken the place. This domination and hopeless fight could imply, by extension, that any struggle in life is a useless task. The violet is also under time control : it is once at its prime state, at springtime best, being emblematic of Spring and new growth, but then soon fades and dies. Here is presented the decaying of nature and furthermore of human, as violet is like a human being : once at its prime, then dying. Shakespeare presents us the same kind of image in the next line, describing sable curls, namely dark hair, having turned white due to the age. This wordShow MoreRelated Midlife Crisis in William Shakespeares Sonnet 138 Essay1954 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMidlife Crisis in William Shakespeares Sonnet 138 William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Sonnet 138Ã¢â¬ presents an aging manÃ¢â¬â¢s rationalization for deceit in an affair with a younger woman. The speaker of the sonnet realizes his mistress lies to him about being faithful. He in turn, portrays himself as younger than he actually is: Ã¢â¬Å"When my love swears that she is made of truth / I do believe her though I know she lies, / That she might think me some untutored youthÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (1-3). Ã¢â¬Å"Sonnet 138Ã¢â¬ allows the reader aRead MoreEssay on A Midsummer Nights Dream: Critical Analysis3103 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesMandy Conway Mrs. Guynes English 12 16 March 2000 A Critical Analysis of quot;A Midsummer Nights Dreamquot; William Shakespeare, born in 1594, is one of the greatest writers in literature. He dies in 1616 after completing many sonnets and plays. One of which is quot;A Midsummer Nights Dream.quot; They say that this play is the most purely romantic of Shakespeares comedies. The themes of the play are dream s and reality, love and magic. This extraordinary play is a play-with-in-a-play, whichRead MoreGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words Ã |Ã 99 Pagesa. How effective is Foreign Aid? 9. Migration a. Is migration/having foreigners good? 10. Subjects a. Literature b. History c. Mathematics d. Universal language 11. Businesses a. Business morality b. Charities as businesses 12. Democracy a. Good vs. Bad 13. Social Issues (only stats provided) a. Gender b. Family c. Equality 14. Governance a. World Governance 15. Others a. Cooperation b. Education c. Crime d. Liberty or Security e. Consumerism
COURSE | : | QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS AND APPROACHES | COURSE CODE | : | BIR6024 | CREDIT | : | 4 | SLT | : | 160 hours | PREREQUISITE | : | GRU6014 | SEMESTER | : | First / Second | LEARNING OUTCOMES | : | 1. Use qualitative research methods and approaches in collecting and analyzing data. 2. Conduct qualitative research methods in education. 3. Critical in evaluating research reports. 4. Demonstrate ethical practices in collecting and analyzing data. | SYNOPSISLECTURERSÃ¢â¬â¢ DETAILS : | :: | The course exposes students to the techniques for collecting, analyzing and interpreting qualitative data. The course will operate on two inter-related dimensions, one focused on theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦http://qix.sagepub.com/content/16/10/837. Wood, L.A. amp; Kroger, R.O. (2000). Doing Discourse Analysis: Methods for Studying Action in Talk and Text. Sage Publications: London. Young, L. amp; Fitzgerald, B. (2006). The Power of Language: How Discourse Influences Society. London: Equinox Publishing Ltd. Assessments: 1. Assignment 1 (20%) 2. Assignment 2 (50%) 3. Final Examination (30%) Assignment 1: INTERVIEW Deadline: 10th June 2013 Assignment Description In this assignment, you are required to develop an interview protocol (see sample). The interview protocol needs to address the issue that you plan to research on. Tasks: i. Identify a research problem related to your field. ii. Develop research questions in relation to the identified research problem. iii. Prepare an interview protocol that will address the research questions. iv. Pilot test your interview protocol (on at least 2 respondents). v. Based on the results of the pilot test, identify the strengths and weaknesses of your interview protocol. vi. Improve your interview protocol. You need to provide the original and improved versions of the interview protocol. Marking Scheme Element | Marks | * A statement of the Research Problem | 2 marks | * Research QuestionsThere must be 3 main questions. Each main question must have at least 3 sub-questions. A rationale must be given for each main question and sub-question. | MainShow MoreRelatedQualitative Research Methods6311 Words Ã |Ã 26 PagesPROJECT QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS FROM AN ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE Ã hsan UlaÃ ¾ KocaoÃ °lu JANUARY 2006 CONTENTS Definition of Qualitative Research in Social Sciences Approaches to Management Research Positivism versus Phenomenology Deductive and Inductive Schools of Thought in Management Research Major Qualitaitve Research Approaches Ethnographic Approach Phenomenology Field Research Grounded Theory Case study Action Research Narrative research Qualitative DataRead MoreQualitative Research : Research Methods1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Qualitative Research Name: Allana Sibille SOC 333: Research Methods Professor: Risa Garelick December 3rd, 2015 Qualitative Research Qualitative research reflects the multiple ways researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s collect data and explore information through literature review. ParticipantÃ¢â¬â¢s review is often observed for analysis while Ã¢â¬Å"the role of the researcher focuses as the primary data collection instrument necessitates the identification of personal values, assumptions and biases at the outsetRead MoreQualitative Research Methods5198 Words Ã |Ã 21 PagesOVERVIEW Qualitative Research Methods: A Data CollectorÃ¢â¬â¢s Field Guide Module 1 Qualitative Research Methods Overview F A M I L Y H E A L T H I N T E R N A T I O N A L Qualitative Research Methods Overview OVERVIEW T Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ his module introduces the fundamental elements of a qualitative approach to research, to help you understand and become proficient in the qualitative methods discussed in subsequent modules. We recommend that you consult the suggested readingsRead MoreQualitative Research : Research Methods1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesQualitative Research Justin Netcher SOC 333: Research Methods Jeremy Baker December 19, 2016 Qualitative Research Qualitative research reflects different ways that researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s collect data and explore all of the information through literature review. ParticipantÃ¢â¬â¢s that are reviewing is often observed for analysis while Ã¢â¬Å"the role of the researcher focuses as the primary data collection instrument necessitates the identification of personal values, assumptions and biases at the outset ofRead MoreMethods And Methods Of Qualitative Research1057 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMethod Approach Qualitative research is normally recognizable via the use of methods that include, in-depth interviews and group moderation techniques; a particular objective to answer is Ã¢â¬Å"why?Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"how?Ã¢â¬ (Bailey, 2014). One of the great benefits of the qualitative research method is that it offers a wide range of approaches that can be used to capture data. In order to ensure credibility, two approaches will be used to conduct this research. The ethnographic approach will be used to understandRead MoreQualitative Research Methods4061 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesBusiness Research Skills Qualitative Research Report Business Research Skills Qualitative Research Report Teresa Cooney B00251777 Teresa Cooney B00251777 Contents Introduction 2 1. Research Design 3 1.1 Qualitative Research Methods 3 1.2 Thematic Analysis 3 2. Findings and Analysis 6 References 8 Appendix 1 9 Appendix 2 13 Introduction This report has been commissioned by the University of the West of Scotland (Paisley campus) for the Business Research SkillsRead MoreQualitative Research On Research Methods Essay839 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThis type of research methods involve describing in detail specific situation using research tools like interviews, surveys, and Observations. Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. Qualitative Research is also used to uncover trends in thought and opinions, and dive deeper into theRead MoreQualitative And Quantitative Research Methods936 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesQualitative and quantitative research methods are two alternative applications for research methods. Both are very different in how data is collected, what data is collected, and how data is measured. Both of these research methods are utilized amongst the major areas of psychology and the social sciences. This paper will provide a brief description of qualitative and quantitative methods, provide the differences between the two approaches along with the terminology used for both; I will alsoRead MoreQuantitative And Qualitative Research Methods Essay1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesindividuals are confused about or not aware of the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods. Some think those terms can be used interchangeably. Describe the key features (up to 5) that distinguish quantitative research from qualitative research. Provide examples to demonstrate your main points. Firstly, qualitative and quantitative research methods are used for different purposes. Quantitative methods try to explain and make predictions, confirm and validate an existing practice/modelRead MoreQuantitative And Qualitative Research Methods Essay1850 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages3.2 Research Methods Ã¢â¬Å"Quantitative and QualitativeÃ¢â¬ were the two principal approaches in psychological research currently (Bavelas, 1998). Quantitative research is concerned with applying statistical approaches to test hypotheses. Statistical methods are to consider as the analysis of data, it normally concerned with Ã¢â¬Å"probabilistic modelÃ¢â¬ as a background. (Sibson, 1999), the prominent characteristic of probabilistic model is as the analysis of data was collected, which is considered about Ã¢â¬Å"mean,
Question: Discuss about the Behavioural and CognitiveÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã Behavioural Therapy. Answer: Part 1 Psychological perspective Key characteristics of the perspective used to explain the cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Analysis of the perspective to effectively explain the cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Psychodynamic The psychodynamic perspective advocated by Freud emphasizes the role of adverse interpersonal relationships on the development of OCD among the predisposed individuals (Stein Stone, 1997, p. 14). Psychoanalysis models attributing to theories of object relations, interpersonal bonding, classical drive and ego psychology provide the psychodynamic context of the establishment of OCD across the community environment. Patients affected with family history of psychosocial conditions and stressful circumstances in life exhibit the potential defects in interpersonal relationships, and their negative thoughts and distressed emotions predispose them towards the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder and its associated manifestations (Mayo-Clinic, 2016). Cognitive The perspective advocated by cognitive theory emphasizes the influence of environmental factors, psychosocial conditions, disrupted behaviour and impaired beliefs on the development of OCD among the predisposed individuals (Matusiewicz, et al., 2011). The gradual and consistent decline in cognitive development of patients elevates the severity of their OCD manifestations that subsequently require the administration of rehabilitative cognitive behavioural interventions by psychologists for remediating the progression of OCD among the affected patients. The cognitive perspective deals with the thoughts, feelings and behaviour of the individuals that considerably influence the pattern of their intellect and cognition across the community environment. The adverse and intrusive thought processes lead to the development of skewed feelings that resultantly facilitate the development of the pattern of psychosocial stress anxiety and repetitive behaviour among the affected patients (Anon., 2010). Genetic The genetic perspective advocates the considerable influence of genetic factors in the development of OCD across the community environment. Evidence-based research literature recognizes the genetic traits of OCD in terms of familial attributes that transfer from one generation to another and exhibit the pattern of OCD among individuals under the influence of environmental factors (Pauls, 2010). Furthermore, pre-existing psychosocial conditions also elevate the risk of the affected patients in terms of the development of OCD across the community environment. The genetic theory indicates that the children of the OCD patients experience greater predisposition towards acquiring the manifestations of OCD in comparison to the children who exhibit no family history of the progression of this disease in their previous generations. The co-morbid states of individuals might also facilitate the development of OCD in the context of a genetic relationship between both morbidities. Biological The sustained defect in the caudate nucleus and anterior cingulum of human brain leads to the development of repetitive behavioural pattern, which is indicative of the progression of OCD among the affected patients (Fan Xiao, 2013). Evidence-based research literature advocates the pattern of hyperactivity in the basal ganglia and orbitofrontal cortex regions of the brain as a significant cause of the development of depression among the OCD patients (Beucke, et al., 2013). Research studies advocate the relationship of various infectious conditions (including influenza, encephalitis and streptococcal infection) and the development of OCD across the community environment (Boileau, 2011). The biological perspective relates the pattern of hyperactivity across the brain networks to the development of OCD manifestations among the affected patients. The structural as well as functional defects in the brain circuits might result from the inappropriate administration of therapeutic regimen, environmental factors, genetic predisposition or other miscellaneous causes requiring the organization of prospective clinical studies for delineating the biological basis of OCD development among the affected patients. The development of infectious conditions and their associated manifestations leads to the onset of autoimmune response against basal ganglia resulting in its sustained dysfunction among the affected individuals. The abnormal functioning of the basal ganglia leads to the reciprocal development of abnormal alterations in the activity of the human brain that facilitates the establishment of OCD among the affected patients. Part 2 Psychological perspective Brief description of studies offered to support the perspectives explanation for OCD Evaluation of the methods of data gathering used by each perspective Cognitive Research by (Cordeiro, et al., 2015) explored the relationship of the symptom dimensions of OCD with the dysfunctional belief pattern. The findings of the research study advocated the pattern of reciprocal relationship between the thought processes related to perfectionism with the symptoms related to symmetry and aggressive dimensions. However, thought processes related to responsibility resulted in the beliefs of religious and sexual dimensions. The study could not track a pattern of linear relationship between the belief domains (including uncertainty tolerance, threat estimation, control and significance of thoughts) and the corresponding symptom manifestations experienced by the patients affected with OCD. However, the findings predicted the influence of cross-cultural variations on the level of cognition of the patients affected with OCD manifestations. Interview sessions were conducted with the study subjects in the context of ascertaining the diagnosis of obsessive- compulsive disorder. The pattern of relationship between the symptoms dimensions and the obsessive beliefs evaluated with the deployment of D-YBOCS (Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive scale). Impairment scores of patients calculated for determining the severity of their psychosocial symptoms in relation to the established pattern of OCD. Regression analysis of impairment scores (i.e. DYBOCS) executed in the context of evaluating the severity of OCD symptoms and their relationship with the thought processes of the affected patients. The data regarding the co-morbid states attributing to anxiety and depressive states also taken into account in the context of discarding the confounding effect of these conditions on the overall results of the study. Biological Case control cross-sectional research study by (Beucke, et al., 2013) evaluated the structural as well as functional alterations in the brain of individuals affected with the pattern of OCD across the community environment. The findings of this research study revealed the level of hyper- connectivity between the basal ganglia and orbitofrontal cortex regions of the brain that is responsible for the psychosocial manifestations experienced by the patients of OCD. The sustained abnormality in the orbitofrontal cortex of human brain disrupts the process of learning as well as decision-making, which becomes the cause of the obsessions experienced by the subjects affected with OCD. Demographic data of the non-medicated OCD patients included their age, gender, IQ level, education level, STAI-X1 and X2 traits, OCI-R, BDI, Y-BOCS, MADRS and mean interscan movement. However, the data obtained after interviewing the study subjects by a licensed psychologist and the psychosocial co-morbid states of the patients identified accordingly. The data related to the MRI findings of the selected OCD subjects statistically analyzed for determining the extent and level of the brain dysfunction experienced by the patient affected with OCD pattern. Part 3 Introduction The presented analysis of the case study attempts to track and identify the attribution of the psychosocial perspectives in the assessment and effective treatment of various states of consciousness, emotional conditions and behavioural patterns experienced by the patients affected with obsessive-compulsive disorder. OCD patients remain affected with intrusive thoughts that compel them to experience the fearful situations leading to the development of states of restlessness and obsession. The manifestations attributing to the disturbed sleep physiology and hyperactivity of brain regions result in the gradual deterioration of the psychosocial profile of the affected individuals. Treatment interventions like cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) proves to be an effective tool in relieving the state of distress experienced by patients affected with OCD across the community environment. The presented patient scenario describes the fear of 26 years old Diana in stepping on the pavement cracks. This particular behaviour of the patient warrants the configuration of the pattern of therapeutic communication by the healthcare professional in the context of efficiently evaluating the detrimental effects of the disfigured thought process of the patient on her quality of life across the community environment. Indeed, with the utilization of good communication pattern, the healthcare professional attains the privilege of administering tailor-made and culturally appropriate psychosocial interventions in accordance with the individualized requirements and mental care needs of the affected patient (NICE, 2006). The configuration of support groups in the context of motivating the patient for attaining the attribute of self-help proves effective in elevating the wellness outcomes and decreasing the burden of OCD manifestations from the society. The fear of the patient in terms of experiencing adverse events in the absence of execution of a ritual is another indication of the intrusive thoughts experienced by the patient during the course of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Ritual prevention intervention in this particular scenario proves to be advantageous in terms of reducing the state of fear and anxiety of the patient in the absence of the execution of the ritual convention (Foa, 2010). This psychological intervention restrains the patient in practicing the religious custom or ritual, in relation to which he/she experiences the fear of adverse events or disastrous circumstances. The absence of adverse events during the course of ritual prevention makes the patient realize the false implications of his/her intrusive thoughts in relation to the practice of rituals and this resultantly decreases the state of his anxiety, fear and depression of the patient across the community environment. The patient scenario emphasizes the fear of the patient in terms of harming her own children at bedtime under the influence of disfigured thoughts. Exposure and response prevention strategy (ERP) proves useful in decreasing the adverse psychosocial manifestations experienced by the patient in relation to the detrimental thought processes (Seibell Hollander, 2014). Repeated (planned) exposure to the fearful circumstances decreases negative thoughts of the patient in terms of executing homicidal activities across the residential premises. The prevention of the patients strangling activity in the present clinical scenario will make her realise and experience the absence of homicidal activity and eventually her fearful attitude and anxiety in relation to the bedtime obsession will decrease considerably. The presented patient scenario describes the lack of confident memory of the OCD patient requiring the administration of psychosocial interventions for elevating the mental health of the affected patient. Evidence-based research literature emphasizes the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in terms of elevating the social functioning of the OCD patient across the community environment (Vandborg, et al., 2016). Improved social functioning might influence the level of confident memory; however, the organization of prospective research studies necessarily warranted for evaluating direct influence of CBT on the memory outcomes of the OCD patient. The patient scenario displays the familial progression of OCD traits (i.e. the OCD characteristics experienced by Dianas children in the similar manner that Diana experienced during her childhood). Evidence-based research literature emphasizes the requirement of family based CBT approach for the effective treatment of pediatric patients affected with the pattern of CBT across the community environment. The family based CBT advocates the administration of psychoeducation strategies for effectively reducing the anxiety-provoking cognitive state of pediatric patients affected with OCD manifestations (Marien, et al., 2013). The children and their parents acquire adaptive behaviours following the consistent exposure to CBT across the clinical setting. The healthcare professionals during the course of CBT encourage the pediatric patients in terms of their engagement in extra-curricular activities and modify their external environment in the context of reducing its impact of on their psychosocial behaviour. The parents of affected children require their participation in the educational sessions for elevating their knowledge regarding the manifestations of OCD and their implications on the pattern of mental health of the pediatric patients. The parents resultantly facilitate the execution of CBT while coordinating with the healthcare professionals and assisting in the management of OCD by providing regular feedback of the mental manifestations of their children to the treating physicians. Eviden ce-based research literature emphasizes the influence of cultural variations and gender differences on the psychosocial manifestations of pediatric patients affected with obsessive-compulsive disorder (Cardwell Flanagan, 2003, p. 133). Banduras social cognitive theory advocates the promotion of self-observation skills among the individuals in the context of modifying the self-response pattern for improving the behavioural outcomes (Cardwell Flanagan, 2003, p. 146). The incorporation of Banduras convention in CBT assists the OCD patients in elevating their self-efficacy pattern, overcoming their fears and improving their response to the administered treatment interventions by the healthcare professionals (Wilhelm, et al., 2015). This indicates the scope of modification in cognitive behavioural strategies in the context of reducing the establishment of emotional complications, detrimental thought processes and disfigured behavioural patterns experienced by the affected patients unde r the influence of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Conclusion The manifestations of OCD pose several threats to the quality of life of affected patients and their effective mitigation necessarily required in the context of improving the state of wellness and mental health of the patient population. The findings in the evidence-based research literature advocate the requirement of the concomitant administration of pharmacotherapeutic and psychological approaches for the effective treatment of the manifestations of OCD across the community environment. Furthermore, the organization of awareness sessions for the common masses as well as healthcare professionals warranted in the context of administering preventive interventions for reducing the scope of progression of OCD manifestations among the predisposed patients. The determination of the etiology of OCD by the research community highly required in the context of modifying the treatment strategies for improving the state of mind and thought processes of the patients affected with obsessive-comp ulsive disorder. References Anon., 2010. Behavioural and cognitiveÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã behavioural therapy for obsessiveÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã compulsive disorder (OCD) in children and adolescents. Cochrane Dabase of Systematic Reviews. Beucke, J. C. et al., 2013. Abnormally high degree connectivity of the orbitofrontal cortex in obsessive-compulsive disorder. JAMA Psychiatry, 70(6), pp. 619-629. Boileau, B., 2011. A review of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children and adolescents. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 13(4), pp. 401-411. Cardwell, M. Flanagan, C., 2003. Psychology A2: The Complete Companion. USA: Nelson Thornes. Cordeiro, T., Sharma, M. P., Thennarasu, K. Reddy, Y. C. J., 2015. Symptom Dimensions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive Beliefs. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 37(4), pp. 403-408. Fan, Q. Xiao, Z., 2013. Neuroimaging studies in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder in China. Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry, 25(2), pp. 81-90. Foa, E. B., 2010. Cognitive behavioral therapy of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 12(2), pp. 199-207. Marien, W. E., Storch, E. A., Geffken, G. R. Murphy, T. K., 2013. Intensive Family-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Applications for Treatment of Medication Partial- or Nonresponders. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 16(3). Matusiewicz, A. K., Hopwood, C. J., Banducci, A. N. Lejuez, C. W., 2011. The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Personality Disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 33(3), pp. 657-685. Mayo-Clinic, 2016. Diseases and Conditions - OCD. [Online] Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ocd/basics/risk-factors/con-20027827 [Accessed 07 09 2016]. NICE, 2006. The experience of people withOCD and BDD and their families and carers. In: bsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Core Interventions in the Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder. UK: British Psychological Society. Pauls, D. L., 2010. The genetics of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a review. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 12(2), pp. 149-163. Seibell, P. J. Hollander, E., 2014. Management of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. F1000Prime Reports, 6(68). Stein, D. J. Stone, M. H., 1997. Essential Papers on Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. New York: New York University Press. Vandborg, S. K. et al., 2016. Can memory and executive functions in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder predict outcome of cognitive behavioural therapy?. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 70(3), pp. 183-189. Wilhelm, S. et al., 2015. Mechanisms of Change in Cognitive Therapy for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Role of Maladaptive Beliefs and Schemas. Behaviour Research and Therapy, pp. 51-10.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Impact Of Employee Behavior On The Performance Of The Company. Answer: Introduction This essay demonstrates the critical analysis about the impact of employee behavior on the performance of the company. Moreover, it also discusses how attitude, performance, corporate representation, and interpersonal skills affect the performance of the organization. In addition, it also critically analysis challenges that will be faced by the managers at the time of managing employees behaviors in an appropriate manner. Further, it demonstrates the approaches to overcome challenges of managing employee behavior in a systematic manner. Impact of employee behavior on company performance Employees are important elements of an organization which plays an imperative role in the dynamic business working place. When employees of an organization have a positive attitude and performs professional behavior then it can be supportive to improve the performance of an organization in long-term. Beside this, it can be said that in case nature of employee is not satisfactory then it can be harmful to growth of the workforce. At the same time, it is also stated that such kind of employee behavior can decline the performance of a company in long-run (Dodgson, et al., 2013). Along with this, it can be said customers attract by the behavior of employees and representative who presents the goods and services of the company in front of buyers. A representative and workforce who gives their extra effort to solve the query of consumers, make a distinguish image in the customer's mind. As a result, it will be supportive to improve the productivity of a corporation. Beside this, a consumer who has a query regarding the product and services of the company and an employee conduct a bad and uncaring attitude with the consumer then it will create the negative image in the customer mind. Therefore, an employee should conduct ethical behaviour with the customers (Gagn, et al., 2014). In addition, it can also be illustrated that customers never forget to those companies where employees treat beyond their exception. Further, it can be stated that when knowledgeable workforce has attended the consumer then there will be more probability of gaining the productivity of an organization (Haslam, et al., 2014). The code of conduct can directly influence the business as well as employees because in case employee performs better then they will obtain positive outcome otherwise they can decline the productivity of an organization. Moreover, the higher effort of the top level management can also directly influence profession of the employees in long-term. Along with this, the interpersonal skills can also impact on the performance of an organization as well as the career of workforces (Hogg, et al., 2014). Moreover, in case any employees have a good relationship with their colleagues, executives, and clients then it shows that employees have excellent interpersonal skills. At the same time, an effective interpersonal skill shows the effective communication skills, problem-solving as well as work with the group in an appropriate manner. It will be supportive to make a positive and productive working place. Workforces, who show behavioral issue related to the anti-social and noncommunicative, can decline the productivity of an organization (Lammers, et al., 2013). Moreover, it is illustrated that bad behavior can direct impact on the personal lives of employees as well as depress the colleagues moral. Along with this, it can be exhibited that corporate representation can influence the performance of company in long-run. It is because workforces can influence the organization image at the time of working and non-working period. For illustration, in case, a customer has attended any seminar or conference and they get dissatisfaction because of the unprofessionalism of representative and public alcoholism. So, it can be said that such kinds of activity can negatively impact on the both employees as well as business in long-run. Thus, it can be said that manager should deeply understand each activity before present any service on the front of the consumer (Lee, et al., 2013). Describe the challenges to face in the process of managing employee behavior The workforce diversity becomes a major issue for an organization because it creates problem to successfully manage the employee behavior. In addition, it can also be said that a corporation cannot effectively deal with the employee who has a different culture. It can directly impact on the productivity as well as performance of an organization. In the current scenario, most of the companies are becoming progressively multicultural (Lubienski, et al., 2013). Moreover, organizations are becoming heterogeneous in context of ethnicity, gender, and race. Furthermore, it can be said the Brahmin, Muslim, schedule cost and Sikh have different norms, which can create the major problem to successfully deal with them in long-run. In addition, employee privacy is another additional problem that can create complexity within an organization for significantly managing the behavior of employee. In the existing situation, employers have started to interrupt and violate the personal lives of workforce. So, executives or managers have needed to deal with such kinds of issues in a systematic manner such as making a robust relationship with employees in long-term. There are certain practices used by the company, which may affect the employee behaviour named random drug tests, a Random check of phone calls, check on internet surfing, Tapping the phone lines, and check the background of potential staffs (Mora, 2013). Additionally, it can be illustrated that such kind of practices can create the issue for the manager to manage the behavior of employees in an appropriate manner. Moreover, the expectation of employees is changed with modification in the employees demographics. Classical motivation method named attractive pay package, job securities, and additional perquisites cannot retain the todays employees. In the current scenario, employees want empowerment and desire to attractive status with the administration. There are some significant ways that can be used by the manager such as offer flexible working hours, and working place, work from home facility to attract the employees as well as successfully deal with the issue of employees behavior management (Ohemeng, et al., 2013). Moreover, it can be stated that organizational challenge in terms of ethical behaviors and community accountability can also be a major problem for an organization. It is the responsibility of todays executives to develop ethical and positive atmosphere at the working place for their workforces. The flexible environment can support to enhance the productivity in an appropriate manner. Community responsibility is the administrative, responsibility to defend and contribute to community atmosphere wherein they perform. In the existing situation, the leadership culture and community norms can be significant to manage the employees behaviors in an appropriate manner (Truss, et al., 2013). Suggest any five solutions to the challenges you have identified There are different alternative solutions that can be used by the managers to overcome the issues of employee management. The positive reinforcement can support to make positive working place together with improving the productivity of employees in long-term. Moreover, by using this approach, organization rewards those employees who perform better for continuing betetr performance at the working place (Westwood, et al., 2013). The reward can be in the form of monetary and non-monetary. The non-monetary can be in the form of quality status. But, the money can be regarded as an in the form of tangible things. Hence, it can be said that the positive reinforcement can support to easily improve the performance of workforces in long-term. In addition, it is stated that the other factor is discipline, which supports to successfully manage the employee's behavior in the working place. Through this approach, the employees are enabled to perform better behavior with the customers, which will be appropriate to make a robust relationship with clients in long-run as well as managing the personal issues of employees related to the code of conduct. Extinction is the third significant strategy of the employee behavior management wherein an organization can eliminate those all policies that prevent employee capability and communication skills to do the job efficiently. It will be significant to overcome the issues of organization related to the productivity. Moreover, appreciation is forth a strategy that can be used by the manager of company wherein a manager appreciate the employees in front of the organization who perform better as compared to other, as it will be significant to make a positive image among the employees. At the same time, it is also stated that an organization should also give the value to the opinion and views of the employees due to making a strong relationship with them. The strong relationship can be effective to improve the productivity of employees as well as the organization in the upcoming period. Moreover, overburden strategy is also supportive for an organization, because this strategy enabled the manager to clarify roles and responsibilities of each employee. It will help to overcome the burden of employees and make healthier environment at the working place. At the same time, it can also be said that it will be also supportive to enhance the productivity of an organization in the upcoming period (Wilson, 2013). Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be concluded that an employees behavior can directly impact on the performance of the organization. At the same time, it can also be summarized that workforce diversity, workforce privacy, and ethical behavior can create the problem at the time of managing the behavior of the employees in working place. Moreover, an organization should use different kinds of strategies to overcome the challenges of the organization in the upcomingperiod. References Dodgson, M., Gann, D. M., and Phillips, N. (Eds.). (2013) The Oxford handbook of innovation management, USA: OUP Oxford. Gagn, M., Sharma, P., and De Massis, A. (2014) The study of organizational behaviour in family business, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23(5), pp. 643-656. Haslam, S. A., van Knippenberg, D., Platow, M. J., andEllemers, N. (2014) Social identity at work: Developing theory for organizational practice, USA: Psychology Press. Hogg, M. A., and Terry, D. J. (Eds.). (2014) Social identity processes in organizational contexts, USA: Psychology Press. Lammers, C. J., andHickson, D. (Eds.). (2013) Organizations Alike and Unlike (rle: Organizations), International and Inter-institutional Studies in the Sociology of Organizations, UK: Routledge. Lee, R., and Lawrence, P. (2013) Organizational Behaviour (RLE: Organizations): Politics at Work, UK: Routledge. Lubienski, C., Lee, J., and Gordon, L. (2013) Self-managing schools and access for disadvantaged students: Organizational behaviour and school admissions, New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 48(1), P. 82. Mora, C. (2013) Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind Intercultural Cooperation and Its Importance for Survival, Journal of Media Research, 6(1), P. 65. Ohemeng, F., and McCall?Thomas, E. (2013) Performance management and undesirable organizational behaviour: Standardized testing in Ontario schools, Canadian Public Administration, 56(3), pp. 456-477. Truss, C., Alfes, K., Delbridge, R., Shantz, A., andSoane, E. (2013) Employee engagement in theory and practice, UK: Routledge. 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